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Foot Problems & Suggested Treatments


If you have forced your foot into narrow shoes most of your adult life then your feet may not be in the best of shape!

Here is a list of the more common foot problems and suggested treatments. We have posted this for information purposes only and as such should not be used as a substitute for proper medical advice.




What are corns?

Corns are one of the more common foot complaints and are a natural way for your body to protect itself against pressue. Continual pressure causes a localised thickening of skin.

This condition is more common in women as we are more likely to wear wearing ill-fitting shoes.

Corns appear as white/grey or yellow/ brown in colour depending on your skin type. 

Symptoms include pain and swelling around the corn and discomfort with direct pressure.


What are the main causes of corns?

• Tight shoes

• Deformed toes (Hammer toes) 

• Seam or stitch inside the shoe which rubs against the toe 

• Bunions


Suggested remedy for corns

• Reduce the thickness of the corn by using a pumice stone or we’ve found that a product called ‘Heel Balm’ from Flexitol is excellent at reducing corn thickness (even though the product is sold for hard heels!)The cheapest price we’ve found is on an Irish dance site, who happen to sell foot products too, their URL is www.antoniopacelli.com

• Alleviate pressure through the use of pads or silicone gel

• Get properly fitted shoes!




What are bunions?

Bunions usually occur at the base of the big toe and typically start to occur when the big toe starts moving towards the smaller toes. The condition develops slowly and results from the gradual dislocation of the joint.


What are the main causes of bunions?

• The main cause is tight or ill-fitting shoes. Women are more frequently affected with bunions because of tight, pointed, confining or high heeled shoes. 

• Hereditary factors 

• Irregular gait


Suggested remedies for bunions:


• As bunions are due to structural problems with the foot, they are hard to treat and are best corrected through surgery.

• Pain can be alleviated through the use of commercial bunion pads (again the cheapest place we found them was on www.antoniopacelli.com)

• If the bunion is caused by an irregular gait then corrective insoles can reduce the problem.

• Correctly fitting shoes.


Achilles Tendonitis


What is Achilles Tendonitis?


The Achilles tendon is the large muscle you can feel at the back of your lower leg that leads down into the heel. Tendonitis causes inflammation and degeneration of this tendon.

Patients with Achilles tendonitis usually experience the most significant pain after periods of inactivity. Patients experience pain most often after first walking in the morning and when getting up after sitting for long periods of time. Patients will also experience pain while participating in activities, such as when running or jumping. Achilles tendonitis pain associated with exercise is most significant when pushing off or jumping.


What are the main causes of Achilles Tendonitis?


• Most common cause is over-pronation, which is where your arch collapses and puts more pressure on your tendon.

• Inadequate stretching prior to exercise

• Short Achilles tendon or heel deformity

• Improper shoe selection


Suggested remedy for Achilles Tendonitis?

• A heel cup or heel cushion can  elevate the heel to reduce stress on the Achilles tendon.

• Properly warming up before physical activity

• Ice packs can also alleviate discomfort after exercise

• The problem should not be left untreated as there is a danger that the tendon can become weak or ruptured.


Hammer Toes


What are hammer toes?

A hammer toe is a toe that becomes permanently bent in the middle so that the end of the toe points downwards and the part of the toe before the joint where the bend occurs tends to arch upwards.

A hammer toe typically affects the 2nd toe and can take years to develop.

Hammer toes are classified based on the mobility of the toe joints. There are two types - flexible and rigid. In a flexible hammer toe, the joint has the ability to move. This type of hammer toe can be straightened manually. A rigid hammer toe does not have that same ability to move. Movement is very limited and can be extremely painful.


What  are the main causes of Hammer Toes?


• Wearing ill fitting shoes is the main cause of hammer toes.

• Bunions can also cause hammer toes as the 2nd toe compensates for the big toe moving inwards.


Suggested remedies for Hammer Toes


• Choose a shoe with enough width and height in the toe box to give plenty of room to the hammer toe. Avoid high heeled shoes.

• Hammer toe splints can be used to straighten the toe if it is mobile which can give relief to the forefoot.

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